NCDC Records 1,068 Lassa Fever Cases

Category: Health

The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control and Prevention said it recorded 1,068 Lassa fever cases across 112 Local Government Areas in 28 states.

The NCDC revealed this on Monday, in its Lassa Fever situation report for week 37 (September 11 -17, 2023), released.

Lassa fever is an acute viral hemorrhagic illness caused by the Lassa virus, a member of the arenavirus family of viruses.

READ: Kogi Doctor Down With Lassa Fever Dies

Humans usually become infected with the Lassa virus through exposure to food or household items contaminated with the urine or faeces of infected Mastomys rats. The disease is endemic in the rodent population in parts of West Africa.

Lassa fever remains a major public health challenge as poor environmental sanitation, poor awareness, and late presentation of cases are reported to fuel the epidemic in Nigeria.

The NCDC said the suspected cases are now 7,352 and that the disease has killed no fewer than 181 persons in the country.

“Cumulatively from week 1 to week 37, 2023, 181 deaths have been reported with a case fatality rate of 16.9 per cent which is lower than the CFR for the same period in 2022 (19.1 per cent).

“In total for 2023, 28 States have recorded at least one confirmed case across 112 Local Government Areas.

READ: Second NYSC Member to Die of Lassa Fever In C’River

“Seventy-five per cent of all confirmed Lassa fever cases were reported from these three states (Ondo, Edo, and Bauchi) while 25 per cent were reported from 25 states with confirmed Lassa fever cases. Of the 75 per cent confirmed cases, Ondo reported 35 per cent, Edo 29 per cent, and Bauchi 11 per cent.

“The predominant age group affected is 21-30 years (Range: 1 to 93 years, Median Age: 32 years). The male-to-female ratio for confirmed cases is 1:0.9. The number of suspected cases increased compared to that reported for the same period in 2022,” NCDC said

So far this year, the disease has infected 49 healthcare workers in Nigeria.

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